To create the n-to-m relationship in Eloquent, we create a table stand between 2 tables.

We have the db schema :

post post_tag tag
id (PK) id (PK) id (PK)
title post_id (Index) name (Unique)
content tag_id (Index)

In the model Post and Tag, we define a relation :

  • App\Model\Post.php
public function tags() {
return $this->belongsToMany('App\Model\Tag', 'post_tag', 'post_id', 'tag_id');
  • App\Model\Tag.php
public function posts() {
return $this->belongsToMany('App\Model\Post', 'post_tag', 'tag_id', 'post_id');

After that, we can use the relation to fetch the related data, like

$post = Post::firstOrFail(1);
$tags = $post->tags; // return the Collections class contains tags


$tag = Tag::where('name', '=', 'php')->first();
$posts_of_tag = $tag->posts; // return the Collections class contains posts

When updating or creating post, we have to sync with tags by

$tag_ids = [2, 3 ,4]; // Get tag ids from tag names